Document Type : Original Article
1 Imam Khomeini International University
2 Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Amirkabir,
3 Assistant professor, Department of Sports Injury and Corrective Exercises, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Hakim Sabzevari University, Sabzevar ,Iran
4 Raja university
In multiple sclerosis, common problems such as early fatigue, poor performance, balance and postural control reduce the chance of success in daily activities. Therefore, the present study intends to compare and evaluate the effects of two methods of resistance and cognitive-motor training on motor function and fatigue in women with multiple sclerosis. Thirty-three women with multiple sclerosis with disability index 0 to 4 were divided into three groups of resistance training, cognitive-motor, and control (11 people in per group). The exercises consisted of 16-sessions that lasted 45 to 60 minutes each session. Fatigue severity scale was used to measure fatigue, and 25-foot (8 m) walking test kinematically was used to measure motor function. One-way analysis of variance, paired t-test and multivariate analysis of covariance were applied to analyze the data. The results showed that in the resistance training group, the research intervention caused significant changes in the improvement of fatigue (Sig. = 0.005, Effect size = 0.79), but no significant improvement was observed in walking performance. In addition, in the cognitive motor training group, significant changes were observed in both variables of walking performance and fatigue index. Therefore, it seems that cognitive-motor training has a greater effect on walking performance and fatigue in women with multiple sclerosis.
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