Document Type : Original Article


Department of Sport Physiology and Corrective Exercises, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran



Objective: Due to the significance of balance during daily activities and sports exercises and the necessity of identifying the factors affecting it, the present study aimed to explore the effect of visual reference on the balance of Taekwondo practitioners during training.

Method: Accordingly, 20 Taekwondo practitioners were selected and studied by a convenient sampling method. Participants were divided into two groups (Control and experiment) of 10 individuals. Then, their height, weight, and body mass index were measured to ensure that the groups are identical. Every subject performed a training session including warm-up, pre-test, Tornado kick, post-test, and cooling down, and they performed balance (pre-test and post-test) in 60-seconds endeavors. Balance indexes of the medial and lateral directions (right and left) were collected by using a swing balance device. Descriptive statistics, mean, and standard deviation were applied to designate the data and a one-way ANOVA test was used for comparison between groups.

Results: The results indicated that placing the visual reference during the tornado kick upgraded the balance of male Taekwondo practitioners (p≤0.005).

Discussion and Conclusion: According to the research findings, it can be concluded that placing the visual reference on the mit and performing Taekwondo rotational techniques can improve the balance of Taekwondo practitioners. Thus, it is recommended that Taekwondo coaches and athletes apply the exercises and results of this research in designing training programs to participate in competitions and belt promotion tests.