Modeling the Effect of Coronavirus Outbreak on Public Health and Community Well-Being

Document Type : Original Article

10.22089/jehs.2021.2792

Abstract

Today, the world is facing a very serious crisis caused by the coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak and domestic quarantine. The domestic quarantine caused by the COVID-19 outbreak has various effects on the physical and psychological dimensions of society. The aim of this study was to model the effect of the COVID-19 outbreak on public health and community well-being. In this applied descriptive-exploratory study, the data were collected in the field. The statistical population included an unlimited number of all sports directors, sports teachers and professors, sports coaches, sports producers, sports service providers, sports referees, athletes, sports equipment sellers and sports media activists in Iran as well as 600 subjects of this population answered the questionnaire with 18 items. The face validity was confirmed by 12 experts. In order to evaluate the reliability of internal consistency and its stability, Cronbach's alpha index was used in a pilot study (including 30 people) so that the alpha value for the whole questionnaire was 0.898. In order to analyze the research data, descriptive statistical methods were first applied. Then, the structure of the general factors was determined in the inferential statistical methods part of the exploratory factor analysis. Finally, the path analysis was modeled by structural equation modeling and according to the results of the exploratory model. All statistical analyses were conducted using SPSS 24 and Amos statistical software. The results of factor analysis showed that public health and community well-being were influenced by COVID-19 (p-value=0.001).

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